While plants are salt-tolerant, the old practice of using salt to kill weeds is not recommended. Crops are harvested from late February to June, with April being the prime month and high season for asparagus. SOUND GARDENER: New male asparagus varieties less fussy. Asparagus plants are monoecious, which means that each plant is either female or male. Pests: Asparagus beetles (common and spotted) - Handpick in small plantings. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Asparagus can be grown from seed but it is easier and faster to transplant roots into the garden. Their weakness: The Washington strains include both male and female plants, and the males are far more productive if what you want … Required fields are marked *. Since asparagus is best planted in spring, when dormant roots are sold by mail, prepare the bed the previous fall or in earliest spring. But we were looking ahead to spring then, not fall. ‘UC 157’ – This is a hybrid asparagus that performs well in warmer climates. In addition, our broad range allows us to respond to the specific demands of our customers and take account of matters like cultivation systems, soil structure, climate, etc. Varieties of Asparagus . All male hybrid giving improved production of spears up to 2cm (1") thick. Then layer the middle of the trench floor with a few inches of well-rotted manure and soil, sprinkle with rock phosphate and an all-natural organic fertilizer according to label directions, tamp the bottom, then fan the dormant roots out over the mound in the trench so they look like so many giant spiders with legs dangling. Asparagus Roots Crowns For Sale 3 Year. (Stream it below,  read the illustrated transcript or subscribe free.). ‘Purple Passion’ consists of both male and female plants. purple asparagusIT SHOULD COME AS NO SURPRISE, since it’s true so many other places still: In the asparagus rows, males are in charge. The resulting strains, most of which have the word Jersey in their names, are what you want to grow if you’re going to plant asparagus. Hi, Tamara. Grows in USDA zones 3-8 and is Rust-resistant. Chris Smith — Feb 17th, 1995. Whatever kind you’re planting, you have to dig a trench about 18 inches wide and 6-8 inches deep (some people go a foot deep). If any female plants do appear, they will be noticeable because they produce orange-red berries. The lab report will indicate how to amend the soil, and with what material; the typical routes are sulfur to acidify and lime to neutralize, but neither is a quick fix—or the whole answer. purple asparagus I T SHOULD COME AS NO SURPRISE, since it’s true so many other places still: In the asparagus rows, males are in charge. Male Asparagus crowns produce far more spears than female crowns. In addition, these all-male hybrid varieties will not produce seeds (and thus, no red berries), according to this article on asparagus from Extension.org. Male plants grow a greater number of smaller, uniform spears. ‘Purple Passion’ – As its name suggests, this widely grown variety produces attractive, ultra-sweet purple spears. This pale green, disease-resistant asparagus is both male and female. Female asparagus are easy to identify as they produce bright red berries that are toxic to humans. Guelph Millenium F1 hybrid - If you live in the north of England this may be the variety for you. I am planting a row of asparagus in a 4″ x 8″ raised bed. Your email address will not be published. I recommend either the Jersey Knight or Jersey Giant varieties of asparagus. If you are growing an all-male cultivar, you will need to remove any female plants as well as any seedlings that appear. Thanks. Many of these new varieties are being tested by researchers and growers in the Northwest, Asparagus Varieties. It usually grows during warm climatic conditions. Want to plan your most ecologically minded garden cleanup ever, and understand the consequences of each potential action you can take—including next spring? And, best of all, if kept weed-free and otherwise well-tended, a planting can last for up to 20 years. Appreciated for its uniform size and delicious flavor, ‘Mary Washington’ has been a favorite of American gardeners for more than a century. Male Asparagus produce far more spears than females. The millennium asparagus is great when cooked. Until the last two decades, types of asparagus consisted of a mix of male and female plants. New asparagus varieties are developed through the Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station and the Department of Plant Biology at the School of Environmental and Biological Sciences. Now comes the patient part. Underground roots continue to grow each year. Recommendations. ‘Viking’ is known to produce large yields. Look for all-male plants for plenty of big, flavorful spears. Asparagus plants are either male or female. Long lasting. Since they don’t produce seeds, the all-male varieties can focus on growing more shoots. Whichever variety is grown will come back time and time again for up to 15 years or more, so when choosing a variety, make sure it's one you love. Did I mention that you can also grow the super-sweet and exceptionally pretty purple-spear varieties at home (here’s one source)? (Disclosure: includes affiliate links.). While there are only 3 types of asparagus, green, purple and white, there are a handful of varieties to choose from. They are usually sold dormant and “bare root” (asleep and unpotted) in very early spring, so I can’t say I’ve ever transplanted them in late summer or fall, but what do you have to lose? Asparagus is either male or female. To get all male asparagus seeds, plants must grow in a fully screened field to keep pollinators out. I say try it! It is one of the tender varieties of asparagus with a delicate flavor to it. Some popular choices include: 'Mary Washington': The most commonly found variety; bred for rust-resistance While many sellers claim their varieties are “all male” many aren’t. Coming from 1st generation seed these crowns are virtually all Male. As you dig the trench, put the soil you excavate on a tarp or in wheelbarrows beside the site. They grow well in sandy soils as well as in heavier clay soils. The Rutgers NJAES All-Star Variety is the ‘NJ1113’ asparagus! I’m Margaret Roach, a leading garden writer for 30 years—at ‘Martha Stewart Living,’ ‘Newsday,’ and in three books. If you want the largest spears, these are your best options. Hi- I was interested in the question from Tamara because we have some misplaced asparagus growing in various flower gardens and in our main veggie garden instead of in the asparagus patch. The stalks shoot up from the crown of the plant and grow into fern-like leaves when they are allowed to develop. You and I are nature’s best hope, and I’m glad Doug joined me again to help us learn to support it. User Login. ‘Apollo’ – This asparagus type performs well in both chilly and warm weather conditions. I AM ON THE ASPARAGUS DIET, because that’s what the garden has to offer at the moment: beautiful spears of tender asparagus. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Due to decades of cultivation experience we are capable of cultivating the best of asparagus plants. The thing about asparagus is that they don’t like “competition,” whether from weeds or other plants, and in that space it will be tight. To prepare the bed, first test the soil pH by following the package instructions on a home test kit, or by taking a sample, according to their directions, to a local soil lab. Affiliate Disclosure: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Asparagus seed is not widely available and takes longer to produce mature plants. They waste no time or energy on seed production and go right to the task of making spears. ‘Jersey’ Series – This all-male series of hybrid asparagus varieties include ‘Jersey Giant,’ a hardy plant that performs well in chilly climates. I suspect they will sulk next year and may need to just be allowed to grow ferns, and not be harvested. Adding large amounts of organic matter, preferably compost, to the soil should always be the first step; an organic soil is easier to pH-balance. Some varieties have been bred to produce primarily male plants whilst others produce both. Our asparagus plants are highly productive, one-year-old, large-graded crowns grown in managed nursery conditions; All-male hybrids resistant to fusarium crown rot, asparagus rust and other diseases. You cannot cut any spears until the third spring in the ground – a full two years after planting. 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The newer cultivars are bred to be all male, which means they will put all their energy into growing the plant, not setting seed. Ideal for early asparagus production. Once the crowns send up green shoots, shovel in another thin layer of soil (don’t cover the tips completely), and repeat this step through the summer until the asparagus trench is filled back in. Asparagus is a dioecious (dye-EE-shus) plant, meaning that there are both male and female plants. (Sometimes cutting for just two weeks in the second year is suggested; follow the directions your grower encloses with your crowns.) In addition, the way asparagus is separated into different varieties sets it apart from most other vegetables. 'horticultural how-to and woo-woo' | margaret roach, head gardener. Organic 3 year roots crowns for your garden. ‘Jersey Knight’ is one of the more vigorous types of asparagus; highly resistant to asparagus diseases such as crown rot, rust and fusarium wilt. It comes from Canada and has excellent tolerance to cold winters. Welcome! ‘Viking KBC’ – This is a newer hybrid variety in a mix of male and female plants. When you consider all but the most recent planting directions, you understand why. Read on to learn more about different asparagus varieties, including a few heirloom asparagus types. Asparagus is a perennial and will come back for years to come with larger harvest each year.