c. Reflexive smiling Melancholic(analytical, wise, and quiet) 4. Mothers smile more at their children She has a regular routine but can readily adapt to changes. Developmental psychologists would say that a, Managerial Style; Can Affect a Persons Mental Environment. d. Feeling states. Trust In The Long Shadow of Temperament, We have seen these children--the shy and the sociable, the cautious and the daring--and wondered what makes one avoid new experience and another avidly pursue it. c. Sensation d. Embeddedness in relationships prevents diversity in emotional experiences, d. Embeddedness in relationships prevents diversity in emotional experiences. d. Diversity of social contexts in which the child participates, a. When she meets another 9-month-old baby at her home Some researchers point to association of temperament with formal dynamical features of behavior, such as energetic aspects, plasticity, sensitivity to specific reinforcers and emotionality. inhibition to the unfamiliar Socialization that is bidirectional; that is, children socialize parents just as parents socialize children. Which of the following statements about later functioning for these children is TRUE? b. b. Jeremy is more likely than Jason to have learning difficulty in elementary school In the Strange Situation, Quentin cries mildly when his caregiver departs. A reasonable percentage of babies have easy temperament; they are otherwise called easy babies. d. Behavioral organization. Social scoping 3 Temperament Types Easy* or Flexible** (about 40% of most groups of children) Typically, the easy child is regular in biological rhythms, adaptable, approachable, and generally positive in mood of mild to medium intensity. inhibition to the unfamiliar Socialization that is bidirectional; that is, children socialize parents just as parents socialize children Reciprocal socialization Social referencing She does this repeatedly, letting the baby keep the rattle for several seconds each time and encouraging the baby to offer the rattle. Sanguine(enthusiastic, active, and social) 2. The Strange Situation is an observational measure of infant attachment developed by Mary Ainsworth. Fear a. He insisted that mood and emotions depended on an excess or lack of … On Mental Illness In Children Emotions One of the conclusions from this analysis was that the only individual characteristic to remain stable across the developmental period under study was shy, timid behavior as opposed to outgoing, so… d. It is harmful to infants. Jerome Kagan, while at Harvard, used the cognitive style of reflection/impulsivity to describe how individuals approach a problem-solving task. Jerome Kagan regards shyness with strangers as one feature of a broad temperament category called inhibition, which is similar to the ¡§slow-to-warm-up child¡¨. c. Goodness of fit University of Southern Mississippi • PSY 251, University of Texas, Arlington • PSYCH 3310. c. Effortful control c. Securely attached Move through a series of introductions, separations, and reunions with his/her mother and a stranger. Which of the following would Erik Erikson be MOST likely to recommend about soothing a crying infant? Jerome Kagan is a Daniel and Amy Starch Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. d. Social validation. She is most likely to comfort and reassure her child if her. At the crux of the issue surrounding the contribution of nature to development is the study that Jerome Kagan and his colleagues have been conducting for more than two decades. d. Indifference to the whereabouts of the caregiver. What is the significant finding of Harlow’s experiments on monkeys reared by surrogate mothers? Independence Jerome Kagan's way of classifying temperament that focuses on the differences between a shy, timid child and a sociable, extraverted child. 49. a. a. Slow-to-warm-up Jerome Kagan’s classification of temperament focuses on: a. Inhibition to the unfamiliar b. 45. c. Attachment d. Newborns respond with positive facial expressions when they hear other newborns cry, d. Newborns respond with positive facial expressions when they hear other newborns cry. Easy child c. 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