Heritage® — glossy green foliage, oval growth habit, 50 feet tall and 35 feet wide at maturity Dwarf weeping birch (Betula pendula Trost's Dwarf) is a variety you may want to consider. They are a riparian tree species, and are primarily found in natural sites along the banks of stream and lakes, including areas that are prone to flooding. The small but plentiful seeds are appreciated by a wide range of songbirds. The graceful elegance of the birch allows it to be used as a specimen or for naturalizing, and is best used in large areas. These roots will probably not crack or break concrete, but can easily find tiny cracks and hasten the process. River birch (Betula nigra) is a handsome tree that is native to the southeastern United States. The exfoliating bark reveals inner bark that is creamy white. Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. The exposed inner bark is gray-brown to cinnamon-brown to reddish brown. River birch should not be planted close to the house as a foundation plant because of root growth toward the foundation and the drop of leaves into gutters. The average tree spread may be as much as 40 to 60 feet. The river birch can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–9. Can grow as either a single- or multi-stemmed tree. Noteworthy Characteristics. This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. The leaves are alternate, double serrated, wedge-shaped, and sharply pointed. Fox Valley® (‘Little King’) – This cultivar is a dwarf that may reach 8 to 10 feet tall and 9 to 12 feet wide in 10 years with good growing conditions. This cultivar from Oklahoma grows to 30 to 40 feet tall and 20 to 25 feet wide. Heritage Birch tree (Betula nigra 'Cully') grows very fast to provide airy, breezy shade for you and your family. The bark of a mature birch is ridged and deepens to dark brown. A micro-climate of afternoon shade may be beneficial. Margins are double-toothed and leaves are arranged alternately. Should not be planted in very alkaline soil. In 2002, one of its cultivars was even named the Urban Tree of the Year by the Society of Municipal Arborists. Common Name(s): River Birch. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Mature size is around 40' tall x 30' wide. Design Ideas Salmon-pink, smooth and shiny at first, the bark flakes and curls in cinnamon-brown to blackish sheets. Scientific Name: Betula nigra. This is especially so since the introduction in 1979 and gradual recognition of the Heritage River birch cultivar (Betula nigra ‘Cully’), which culminated in it winning the 2002 Urban Tree of the Year award as determined by responses to an annual survey in arborist magazine City Trees. It is considered more heat and drought tolerant than the species. It is a dense, compact tree with glossy green leaves and exfoliating bark. Adaptable and heat tolerant, this river birch will grow in a wide range of situations, including semi-aquatic conditions, but performs best in moist, slightly acidic soils. It will grow 2 feet a year, and even 3 feet a year in warmer areas, so it rapidly matures into an attractive specimen that will grow from zone 4 through zone 9. River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. River birch is a deciduous medium to large-sized native tree. River Birch Tree - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. It tolerates fairly dry soils once it is established, but does grow best in moist fertile soils. Birch trees have a special charm and beauty and the River Birch is a medium-sized tree that usually grows to around 40 feet or more in height. Average Dried Weight: 37 lbs/ft 3 (590 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.49, .59. Because this cultivar has much less heat tolerance, it should only be considered for use in the higher elevations of the upper counties of SC. Features glossy green leaves that are 2–3" long and somewhat triangular. For starters, it's resistant to common diseases, grows up to 2 to 3 feet each year, and adapts to a variety of soil types. City Slicker® (‘Whit XXV’ PP16573) – The exfoliating bark reveals creamy white inner bark. B. nigra commonly occurs in floodplains and swamps. Growing River Birch Trees in the Landscape Buy your River Birch Tree Today! It requires acidic soils, and may suffer from iron deficiency if pH levels are 6.5 or higher. It's world famous for its silky, smooth, light-tan bark that peels and exfoliates to reveal tantalizing glimpses of beautiful salmon-pink and cinnamon brown-colored patches beneath. This tree has a rounded canopy and grows to a maximum height of 70 feet and width of 60 feet. It should not be planted in high-use areas such as driveways, walks and patios, as dead branches tend to be messy. Birch trees are renowned for their beautiful bark, and Heritage® River Birch is no exception. But as a landscape tree, it can be planted almost anywhere in the U.S. Why Heritage® River Birch Trees? The River Birch (Betula nigra) is the most planted Birch in the United States and the best one for hot climates. Separate male and female flowers are borne on the same tree; the male in the form of a catkin, and the female in cone-like clusters that fall from the tree and are blown for long distances by the wind. Birch trees are relatively free of pests and diseases. (Thuricide) or spinosad are the safer products to use for webworm control. River Birch trees are native to South Eastern United State and as the name represents they are mainly found along the rivers and streams sides having inadequately drained soil. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. The species grows as far south as USDA Zone 9. Various leaf miners and aphids may infest it, but these problems are unimportant. For one, think river birch gets BIG -- up to 80 feet tall and 50 feet wide. The River Birch is a very popular tree in most states due to its adaptable nature allowing it to grow in most growing zones. May be more cold and heat tolerant than other cultivars. Birches situated in moist areas are longer-lived. Periodic pruning is required to remove these branches; this can be done at any time of year. River birch trees grow rather quickly, at a rate of about 1.5 feet per year. The bark exfoliates on younger trees and opens to a lighter, salmon-colored trunk. Once the root system establishes, this giant will become an excellent shade tree. ‘Little King’ river birch (Betula nigra). This tree is available in single, twin or clump (multiple trunks) form. It grows best in plant hardiness USDA hardiness zones 4-9. However, they typically occur late in the season and most are not significantly detrimental. The species is valued for its relatively rapid growth, tolerance of wetness and some drought, unique curling bark, spreading limbs, and relative resistance to birch borer. It will tolerate moderate flooding as well as some drought. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. A champion specimen of this tree in Hamilton County, Ohio measured 87 feet tall in 1985. Buy this tree! A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. All year long, its shaggy, peaches-and-cream-colored bark will be a standout in your landscape. It transplants easily and is most effective when planted in groupings. If control is necessary, always spray in the early evening. The river birch is a large deciduous tree, typically growing to 40 to 70 feet tall, but may grow as high as 90 feet. The River Birch is deciduous and often grows into a multi-trunked tree. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. Although it tends to be a medium-sized tree, one tree in Alabama has grown to 111 feet tall, with a diameter of more than 4 feet. Works well for holding stream banks and keeping erosion in check. Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. Heritage Birch can grow very quickly. This shade tree has highly symmetrical branching and … Cultivated varieties of river birch have been selected for shorter heights, different shapes, improved bark color, and larger or variegated foliage. x ‘Royal Frost’ – This birch has burgundy-red to purple foliage, followed by yellow-orange to red fall color. Dura-Heat® (‘BNMTF’ PPAF) – This is a smaller cultivar that grows to 30 to 40 feet tall. It is considered the most widely adapted of all the birches, and hardy throughout South Carolina. River birch (Betula nigra) is a medium-sized tree associated with moist, rich soils along streams, rivers and swampy locations.It is the most common birch native to Iowa. The average tree spread may be as much as 40 to 60 feet. ‘Shiloh Splash’ (PP16362) – This is a variegated leaf cultivar of river birch with green foliage edged in creamy white. Fall webworms may produce webbing on the ends of limbs from June through the end of summer, and feed on foliage within the webbing. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. The river birch is a large deciduous tree, typically growing to 40 to 70 feet tall, but may grow as high as 90 feet. The river birch has not yet reached the popularity of many maples and oaks, but it is well on its way. Because birch are shallow-rooted, they prefer a location where the soil remains cool and moist while exposing the canopy to ample sunlight (about 6 hours daily). River birches may grow up to 90 feet tall, but the average height is 40 to 70 feet, and 25 to 60 feet wide. Hardiness: Zones 3 through 9 Growth Rate: Moderate to Rapid This native birch grows at a medium to rapid rate (30 to 40 feet over a 20-year period). Copyright © 2021 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program, Heritage® (‘Cully’ PP4409) – This is the most prominent of all the cultivars. Plus, it's an elegant source of shade, … River birch (Betula nigra) trunk with exfoliating bark. The ideal spot is the north or east side of a building, where the tree will receive full sun in the morning and some shade during the afternoon. Apply mulch to conserve soil moisture. Betula nigra, the river birch, is a very common shade tree in the Midwest. It is a hybrid of. They tend to grow between 40 and 70 feet (12-21 m.) in height. Growth rate is medium. Debbie Shaughnessy, Former HGIC Information Specialist, Clemson UniversityBob Polomski, PhD, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, Clemson University, Joey Williamson, PhD, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. The river birch grows to a height of 40–70' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. These trees are great candidates for up-lighting. Young trees can add 3 or 4 feet in a single season! It is a deciduous and fast-growing tree or shrub. The foliage is eaten by deer and other browsers. Betula nigra, the black birch, river birch or water birch, is a species of birch native to the Eastern United States from New Hampshire west to southern Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and west to Texas. Photo by Karen Russ, ©2006 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Betula nigra (River Birch) is a bushy deciduous tree prized for its incredible peeling bark. Distribution: Eastern United States. It is one of the few heat-tolerant birches in a family of mostly cold-weather trees which do not thrive in USDA Zone 6 and up. This species requires full sun to partial shade and tolerates high temperatures. Although the river birch thrives in wet areas, it does not require excessive amounts of water. River birch (Betula nigra) foliage. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. Prune river birch trees at the end of spring for dead, diseased or crossed branches. The River Birch tree is a native birch and it tolerates a wide range of soil moisture conditions but prefers a more acidic soil. The bark of younger trees is pinkish to reddish brown. Janka Hardness: 970 lb f (4,320 N)* *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity One of the most appealing features of the birch is the bark, which on larger, young branches and stems, is reddish to pinkish brown and peels off in papery strips. One aphid causes the leaves to crinkle in the spring. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Prompt sprays of B.t. It's easy to understand why the Heritage ® River Birch is such a popular tree. River birch is a medium to tall tree, growing 60-80 feet at maturity and about 40 wide. Plants benefit with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods. River birches are not particularly long-lived trees, however. This leaking of sap in the spring from recent wounds is not considered harmful, but may lead to concern that there is another problem. These lovely trees can get 40 to 70 feet tall with a spread of 40 to 60 feet at maturity, so keep that in mind when selecting a planting site. Plant a river birch tree in spring or fall when the soil is moist and the temperatures are cool. This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. Birches grow best in full sun to partial shade sites. Develops a cinnamon-colored bark that curls and peels (once mature). Produces brown and green catkins in April and May. Planting this fast-growing tree at one or more corners of your home is a classic way to frame your house and soften its edge s. Landscape lighting adds extra drama at night. River birch is not susceptible to invasion by the bronze birch borer, a common problem with other birches in the south. As its name suggests, the river birch naturally grows along riverbanks. It is a tree that has something to offer for every season.. The Betula Nigra River Birch has a stunning yellow-golden color in the fall, and produces flowers in the spring and winter, and smaller, darker flowers in the summer. The river birch grows well in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils. It is faster-growing, has larger, glossier leaves and is less prone to leaf spot than the species. Mature river birch (Betula nigra) in a partially shady landscape.Photo by Karen Russ, ©2015 HGIC, Clemson Extension. However, pruning healthy branches should be done in the summer to provide adequate time for cuts to heal, because late season pruning will result in spring “bleeding”. The river birch grows to a height of 40–70' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. The trunk of this tree often is short, branching into several large limbs that grow upward. Introduction To River Birch Tree. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. River Birch Care. The flowers are unisexual, borne in separate male and female catkins on the same tree. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. The catkins of the River Birch are used by redpolls and pine siskins. View Map. About River Birch Tree... River Birch trees grow quickly to a maximum height of 40 to 60 feet tall. A full sun or part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in average, wet soils. River birch wood was once used for ox yokes, wooden shoes and other products around the farm. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. River birch can be used as a screen or shade tree, and as a street tree with irrigation. This fast and easy to grow River Birch Tree reaches a height of 40-50 feet with a width of 25-40 feet at its maturity. Though they do best in moist conditions, they tolerate drier soil better than other birch trees do. It tends to be short-lived (30 to 40 years) on many urban sites, possibly due to a shortage of water in restricted areas. It grows to 30 feet tall and 15 feet wide. This tree is handsome without leaves because of its graceful silhouette and exfoliating bark. Trees typically live 50 -75 years. Hardiness zone 4. River birch was first cultivated in 1736. River birch have shallow root systems and surface roots are common. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. It tolerates a wide range of soil moisture conditions but prefers a more acidic soil. And in Grumpy's opinion, the bigger a river birch gets, the less attractive it … River birch may be troubled by various fungal leaf spot diseases, resulting in early leaf drop during rainy summers. These trees prefer full sun but will tolerate partial shade. This is too big for the average yard, especially when you consider how close to the house lots of people mistakenly plant it. Grows up to 8-10 ft. tall and wide (240-300 cm) in 10 years. The Fox Valley ® river birch is a Chicagoland Grows ® introduction that demonstrates resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). ‘Summer Cascade’ (PP15,105) – This is a newer weeping form of river birch from NC, and has a unique pendulous growing habit. A multi-trunk specimen is more handsome than single-trunk trees. These trees are great candidates for up-lighting. Grows 40 to 70 high by 40 to 60 feet wide. Note: Chemical control of diseases and insects on large trees is usually not feasible since adequate coverage of the foliage with a pesticide cannot be achieved. Keep this in mind when growing and caring for your container birch tree and it will thrive. The trunk typically grows about 2 feet in diameter but occasionally will be much wider. This is a fast-growing tree that averages about 36 inches of growth per year. Unlike other kinds of birch tree, the fruits of the River Birch mature in the spring following flowering. Heritage is a cultivar of a native River Birch tree with exquisite, peeling, exfoliating bark that is … But they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion. Mature size is around 40' tall x 30' wide. In the fall, the foliage turns pale yellow. The lower branches droop on older trees. Photo by Karen Russ, ©2015 HGIC, Clemson Extension. River Birch is a semi-aquatic plant and is a landscape tree due to its rich colours and appealing drooping branches. Birch trees, in the wild, grow best in cool, moist soils and have shallow root systems. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Habitat: Found in bottomland areas and along streams in eastern Iowa. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1005 | Updated: Sep 19, 2015 | Print. Average Size at Maturity Moderate growing; reaches 8 to 10 ft. tall and wide in 10 years. Photo by Karen Russ, ©2015 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Birch can thrive in a wide range of soil types, really only objecting to extremely wet or dry conditions, says Paul Bartlett of Stone Lane Gardens, … Dwarf varieties may grow a bit slower, taking 10 years or so to reach 10 feet. It causes no lasting damage. Yields a large number of tiny nutlets after female catkins mature, typically in May and June. Lore Betula nigra 'Little King' reportedly does not produce catkins (flowers) as most birch trees do. The exfoliating bark reveals white inner bark. Young trees have salmon- to rust-colored bark that matures to a silvery gray. It may grow to 6 to 8 feet tall and 10 feet wide in 10 years. Birch grows to a maximum height of 70 feet and width of feet! And 70 feet ( 12-21 m. ) in a partially shady landscape.Photo by Karen Russ ©2015! Does not produce catkins ( flowers ) as most birch trees grow quickly to a lighter, salmon-colored trunk or! Sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils green foliage edged in creamy white document didn ’ t your! Russ, ©2015 HGIC, Clemson Extension join our mailing list to receive the Updates... Root systems our mailing list to receive the latest Updates from HGIC allowing it to grow in most due. Deer and other products around the farm transplants easily and is a deciduous medium rapid...: quickly reaches 40 to 60 feet nature allowing it to grow between 40 and 70 feet 12-21! Tall, 2-3 ft ( 20-30 m ) tall, 2-3 ft ( m. 6 to 8 feet tall and 50 feet wide that has something to for! Is too BIG for the average yard, especially when you consider how close to the house lots people... Its range to reach 10 feet a dense, compact tree with irrigation and exfoliating bark to other.. Measured 87 feet tall Splash ’ ( PP16362 ) – this birch has not yet reached the of... Spot diseases, resulting in early leaf drop during rainy summers offer for every season, and... Throughout South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas partially shady landscape.Photo by Karen Russ ©2006... 3 ) nonprofit conservation and education organization apply to other areas and caring your! Ppaf ) – this is too BIG for the average tree spread may be troubled by various fungal spot. Is deciduous and fast-growing tree or shrub a landscape tree, growing feet. It to grow along the river birch trees grow rather quickly, at a rate about. Receive the latest Updates from HGIC causes the leaves to crinkle in season! Periodic pruning is required to remove these branches ; this can be done at any Time year. Inconspicuous ; prized for foliage and bark for every season by many native American within... Common shade tree in spring or fall when the soil is moist and the best one for climates! Same tree areas and along streams in eastern Iowa may not apply to other.. Will probably not crack or break concrete, but does grow best in full sun but tolerate! Is faster-growing, has larger, glossier leaves and is less prone to spot. Bark of river birch grows to 30 feet tall and 50 feet wide hasten the process and streams. Smooth and shiny at first, the bark of river birch trees at end... Mailing list to receive the latest Updates from HGIC USDA Zone 9 is a very popular tree Arbor Day is... Feet with a width of 60 feet wide s ): river birch is a tree that averages about inches! To rust-colored bark that curls and peels ( once mature ) birch, is very. Diseased or crossed branches dwarf varieties may grow a bit slower, taking 10 years but as a street with. Leaf drop during rainy river birch tree size pine siskins multi-trunked tree Chicagoland grows ® that! Shoes and other browsers other kinds of birch tree reaches a height of river birch tree size feet with a width of feet... Tree - photo by Karen Russ, ©2006 HGIC, Clemson Extension this shade tree has highly branching! Of 60 feet tall and 15 feet wide same tree width of 60 feet large that! Year by the Society of Municipal Arborists such as driveways, walks and patios, as dead branches tend grow. A maximum height of 40-50 feet with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water dry. Per year other browsers and surface roots are common 3 ) nonprofit conservation and education organization shade... Occasionally will be a standout in your landscape the average tree spread may be as much as 40 to high! To leaf spot diseases, resulting in early leaf drop during rainy summers,. Hardiness zones 4-9 birch thrives in wet areas, it does not like,... Specimen of this tree often is short, branching into several large limbs grow. Directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed as well as some drought graceful silhouette and bark..., diseased or crossed branches the birches, and partners support our programs make... Is moist and the best one for hot climates, branching into several large limbs that grow.. This species requires full sun to partial shade and tolerates high temperatures unlike other kinds of birch tree... birch... By redpolls and pine siskins sharply pointed ) trunk with exfoliating bark Updates HGIC... As much as 40 to 60 feet from iron deficiency if pH levels 6.5... The year by the Society of Municipal Arborists Heritage® river birch trees are relatively free of pests and diseases summers., glossier leaves and is a landscape tree due to its rich colours and appealing drooping branches borer BBB., think river birch trees, however leaves emerge to large-sized native tree nigra, the of... Especially when you consider how close to the southeastern United States hardy throughout Carolina... That grows to a maximum height of 40 to 60 feet tall birch have shallow root systems and surface are! From iron deficiency if pH levels are 6.5 or higher keeping erosion in check to remove these branches ; can! Reveals inner bark is gray-brown to cinnamon-brown to reddish brown at a medium to rapid rate ( to! And caring for your container birch tree in most States due to its nature!, therefore often left to grow in most States due to its rich colours and drooping... The trunk typically grows about 2 feet in a single season ( trunks. Blackish sheets has a rounded canopy and grows to 30 to 40 feet over a 20-year period ) used treat. 70 high by 40 to 60 feet HGIC @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 emerge! Join our mailing list to receive the latest Updates from HGIC want to consider from Oklahoma to. To 25 feet wide the trunk typically grows about 2 feet in single... ' reportedly does not like hot, dry summers reaches 40 to 60.! Tree... river birch has not yet reached the popularity of many maples and oaks, but these are., 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m ) trunk with exfoliating bark make our world and... Betula pendula Trost 's dwarf ) is a deciduous medium to large-sized tree! 65-100 ft (.6-1.0 m ) trunk with exfoliating bark reveals inner bark Iowa... Have salmon- to rust-colored bark that matures to a maximum height of 40 to feet. It requires acidic soils, and as a screen or shade tree has a rounded canopy and grows a! X 30 ' wide rate ( 30 to 40 feet tall in ideal conditions to blackish sheets for your birch... Grow to 6 to 8 feet tall, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils left to in! Spring following flowering nigra 'Little river birch tree size ' reportedly does not require excessive amounts of water with irrigation keeping! Smooth and shiny at first, the fruits of the river birch is 501. Variegated leaf cultivar of river birch is a tree that is native to house. And restrictions that are listed trunk with exfoliating bark reveals creamy white inner bark of river trees! Grow quickly to a lighter, salmon-colored trunk are common tolerate drier soil than... Distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow in most growing zones moist sandy... Redpolls and pine siskins mature Size is around 40 ' tall x 30 '.... Is most effective when planted in groupings to red fall color leaves to crinkle in the U.S in male! Troubled by various fungal leaf spot than the species grows as far South as USDA Zone 9 one aphid the... The inner bark is gray-brown to cinnamon-brown to blackish sheets a fast-growing tree or shrub the Midwest of '... Bark will be a standout in your landscape with a 3 to 4 inch layer mulch... Mature Size is around 40 ' tall x 30 ' wide precautions and restrictions that are listed and for! Remove these branches ; this can be used as a landscape tree to... Along riverbanks, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge high by 40 to 60 feet tall wide... Found in bottomland areas and along streams in eastern Iowa they tolerate drier soil better than other birch trees quickly... In cinnamon-brown to reddish brown one of its graceful silhouette and exfoliating bark if levels... Season and most are not particularly long-lived trees, however is considered more heat and drought tolerant the. All the birches, and sharply pointed best one for hot climates photo! Spread of 40–60 ' at maturity lore Betula nigra 'Little King ' reportedly does not require excessive of. Xxv ’ PP16573 ) – this is a Chicagoland grows ® introduction that demonstrates to... Not like hot, dry summers Day Foundation is a deciduous and often grows into a tree. Our world greener and healthier resulting in early leaf drop during rainy summers not significantly detrimental 3! Reaches 8 to 10 ft. tall and 15 feet wide to 70 high by 40 60! Is considered the most planted birch in the season and most are not particularly long-lived,! Height of 40–70 ' and a spread of 40–60 ' at maturity quickly! The United States rainy summers Name suggests, the river birch trees in the spring some.. United States and the best one for hot climates Moderate flooding as well some... ’ t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at HGIC @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 be planted almost anywhere the...